Learn about Mysore

Mysore, officially known as Mysuru, is a metropolitan city in Karnataka, India, historically serving as the capital of the Kingdom of Mysore for nearly six centuries until 1947, renowned for its opulent palaces, notably the Mysore Palace, and esteemed as the "City of Palaces," the "Heritage City," and the "Cultural Capital of Karnataka." Situated at the foothills of the Chamundi Hills, Mysore boasts a serene ambiance, earning the moniker "Pensioners' Paradise," while showcasing a rich heritage, art, and culture patronized by the Wadiyar dynasty, Hyder Ali, and Tipu Sultan. Its annual Dasara festivals attract a multitude of global tourists, and the city is associated with various renowned art forms, cuisines like Mysore Pak and Mysore Dosa, as well as iconic brands like Mysore Sandal Soap and Mysore Paints. With tourism being a vital industry, Mysore offers diverse transportation options, including buses, trains, and flights, supporting its thriving economy alongside traditional sectors.

The area where Mysore Palace stands today was once inhabited by a village called Puragere in the early 16th century. In 1524, Chamaraja Wodeyar III (1513–1553) erected the Mahishūru Fort, passing the rule of Puragere to his son Chamaraja Wodeyar IV (1572–1576). Since then, the name Mayashūru has been commonly used to refer to the city. Initially under the Vijayanagara Empire, the Kingdom of Mysore, ruled by the Wodeyar dynasty, gradually gained independence following the empire's decline after the Battle of Talikota in 1565. By the time of King Narasaraja Wodeyar (1637), it had become a sovereign state. Seringapatam, near present-day Srirangapatna, became the kingdom's capital in 1610. During the 17th century, under Narasaraja Wodeyar I and Chikka Devaraja Wodeyar, the kingdom expanded steadily, annexing significant areas of modern-day southern Karnataka and parts of Tamil Nadu, establishing itself as a formidable power in the southern Deccan.

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